You can always buy the seeds (ensuring their quality to some degree) but if you can get your hands on fresh peppers in your region you can obtain seeds from the pod.
– Choose a ripe chili pepper. You will know it’s ripe because rather than green it will be orange or red. Or you can choose one that’s still green but with ends changing color.
– Put it in a moisture free environment and let it dry (the edge of a window is usually a good choice).
– The pod will become redder and then brittle and translucent (see image above) and the seeds will become loose inside.
– Open the pod and get your seeds.
Germinating the seeds and potting your pepper plant
– Sow the seeds into a seed starting tray. They must be covered with 5 mm of compost or garden earth.
– Peppers will germinate within one to three weeks, depending on the variety and climate conditions.
– A good practice is to sow three seeds together to increase the chances of germination.
– If all seeds germinate you’ll need to pull out the weaker plants.
– When your pepper seedlings have two pair of leaves, you can move them to their final container or pot.
– The container should be medium to large (at least a 5 gallon container).
– If you live in a warm area you can sow the seeds directly to the pot.
– Set them 5 to 10 cm apart and make sure they receive enough water (it may filter quickly to the bottom of the pot).
Taking care of your chili pepper plant
– Provide plenty of light and water.
– They are warm weather plants, protect them from low temperatures.
– The fruit that is exposed to harsh sunlight may decolorize on the exposed surface. You can move the pot to another area at noon or you can put them close to other plants so they shade each other.
– They are very hardy, but you must protect them from extreme wind, rain and hail.
Chili pepper seedlings
– Like with all plants that grow in pots, you must check for adequate drainage and try to avoid wetting the leaves when watering to prevent diseases.
– Best time to water: early in the morning. Second best: late in the afternoon or at night.
– Keep the container weed free. Remove weeds early before it gets too difficult.
– You may need to tie up the chili plant to a pole or stake as it grows to avoid bending. Don’t tie it up too hard and don’t use cords or wire that can damage the stems. My recommendation: use a discarded pantyhose.
Read full tutorial here.